Archaeology aids human race in tracing their roots to find the first mark ever made by them. Several archaeological finds have been recorded from all around the world with the evolution of human knowledge and their quest for truth. Those archaeological findings have been preserved since then and they speak louder than words on those civilizations, their culture and lifestyle that existed hundred thousand years ago.
As an initiative to upgrade the culturally rich Indian subcontinent’s archaeological history, central government in its 20-21 budgets has announced the setup of archaeological museums in five places across India. Under that a museum is said to be built in the archaeological site of Adhichanallur in Tamil Nadu.
The archaeological site of Adhichanallur is situated on the banks of Tamirabharani, 24 km from Tirunelveli in Tuticorin district. Adhichanallur lies in a 114 acre highland made of crystal Quarzite.
Tamil Nadu has created a worldwide sensation with its archaeological findings from Adhichanallur and Keezhadi. These findings revealed that Tamil people were literates even some 2000 years ago.
The first Indian archaeological committee was formed in 1868 which was headed by German Archaeologist Soger. His research in the archeological site of Adhichanallur is a start to the journey into the past. His findings were then taken to the Berlin museum and is still preserved in the section Treasures of Adhichanallur. Followed by him was Alexander Ree who in 1900 visited India and did various researches. His major research study in Adhichanallur from 1902 to 1904 is when Tamil ancestors burial pots along with various things like ancient swords, knifes, axe and other war weapons and pottery were found. He also announced that the burial grounds here were estimated to be older than that of Egyptian pyramids. These archaeological findings can be found in Egmore museum.
Those findings made in 1904 were the first ever proofs that revealed the existence of age old civilization in Southern part of India. The Adhichanallur civilization of Tamil Nadu is also estimated to be the oldest when compared to that of Sindhu civilization.
The recent archeological research in Adhichanallur was made in 2004 by the Indian Archaeological Department under the leadership of Thiyaga Sathyamoorthy. The result of that research produced information’s on the trade, culture and lifestyle of Tamil civilization of Adhichanallur.
The findings from the site was then sent for carbon dating to the archaeological laboratory in Florida, America. The result of the carbon dating was submitted to supreme court on April 4, 2019 by the Department of Archaeology. The carbon dating revealed that the archaeological findings belonged to a 3000 year old civilization among which two dates back to 905 BC and 799 BC, which makes it not ‘just old’ but ‘very old’.
Since no reference can be found in Tamil literary works belonging to third Tamil Sangam period, it is expected that Adhichanallur would have been an important destination of art and culture during the reign of Pandian kings belonging to second Tamil Sangam period.
Archaeologist Santhalingam has mentioned Adhichanallur civilization as a 4000 year old Tamil civilization. Supporting his stand the research results on the human skeletal remains found on the site in the year 2004-2005 reveals that the remains were 3,700 years old.
He even adds that the archaeological findings in India plays a very vital role in determining the past. So far the findings from India has revealed that the civilizations were educated in reference to the word in-scripted potteries found during the excavation. But from the findings in Adhichanallur, we can say that the civilization dates way back, even before the evolution of words and writing.
So far the excavated site seems to be the burial ground of the civilization. Thus examining the other side of the river is expected to give traces of human settlements taking us deeper into the subject.
Besides being a source of archaeological history and findings, India is forced to send its findings to determine its age to foreign countries. Setting up Archaeological laboratories in India would be of a great use to dug into the past says the Archaeological researches.