Eco- tourism seeks to benefit conservation and communities. Eco-tourism doesn’t just mean visiting a forest or national park and leaving it litter or pollution-free; there’s more to it like generating funds for conservation, educating visitors, and contributing to local communities. Here we have a list of the best eco-tourism sites in India, which stands as our pride and needs to be protected.
The Arunachal forests:
Arunachal Pradesh has the second-largest forest cover in India after Madhya Pradesh. Covering over 60% of the state’s total land area, it’s a treat for the eyes.
There is a rich variety of flora and fauna. This is also perhaps the only place on earth where four wild cats are found: tiger, leopard, clouded leopard and snow leopard. Tourists can enjoy game-viewing at one of the state’s many wildlife sanctuaries, besides climbing, trekking and nature walks in the valleys. Some of the popular destinations include Namdapha National Park, Mouling National Park and Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary.
Khasi Hills, Meghalaya:
The lush, green Khasi hills in Meghalaya are extremely picturesque all-year round due to the high amount of rainfall in the region. A key attraction in the East Khasi hills is the Mawphlang Sacred Forest, which comprises of plants and trees a thousand years old. The forest remains preserved by an ancient tribal belief which forbids anything from being removed, as it is protected by a local deity, Labasa. Other key attractions in Meghalaya include Nongkhnum Island in the West Khasi Hills, which is the second-biggest river island in Asia. Jakrem Hot Springs is another popular site. Jakrem is famous for its hot water springs of sulphur water, which is believed to have curative medicinal properties.
Silent valley national park, Kerala:
Silent Valley National Park is one of its prized possessions of Kerala . Located in the Kundali Hills, the Park is smaller in comparison to the other national parks, but what makes the Valley unique is that it is closed on all sides owing to high and continuous ridges and steep escarpments. The valley is thus shielded from climate extremities and is something of an ecological island with its own microclimate. Silent Valley is home to the largest population of lion-tailed macaques in the world, apart from rare birds and butterflies. This is one of the main reasons why entry to the Park is strictly monitored by Kerala Forest Department officials.
Sundarbans national park:
Sundarbans is the largest mangrove forest of its kind in the world and the only one inhabited by tigers. It is located on the south-east tip of West Bengal and is part of the world’s largest delta formed by the rivers Ganga, Brahmaputra and Meghna. Gliding through the calm waters of the Sundarbans on a government-authorised boat is an unforgettable experience. The Sundarbans forest is home to more than 400 tigers. These tigers have developed a unique characteristic of swimming in the saline waters of the mangrove and are famous for their man-eating tendencies.