Egypt is the site of one of the oldest civilizations in the world. Dating back to 5500 BC, the country was once ruled by the mystical pharaohs. Needless to say, Egypt is a haven for tourists seeking stunning archaeological ruins and landmarks from the world’s classic civilizations of yore, set against the backdrop of the Sahara desert and the ancient river Nile that adds a mystical charm to these places to visit in Egypt, Africa.
It is hard to believe that this surreal Egypt attraction of the Sahara Desert is natural. Enormous formations of chalk ranging from snow white to cream in colour abound in the region, which also features the sand dunes of the Great Sand Sea and the cliffs of the Farafra Depression. The white boulders and pinnacles have been shaped by wind erosion for several millennia.
Located in the Libyan Desert, Siwa Oasis is one of Egypt’s isolated settlements, with 23,000 people, mostly ethnic Berbers. Located on an old date trade route, Siwa was an oasis vital to the trade route, as the natural springs and shade-giving palm trees gave travellers a respite from the desert. With the collapse of the Roman Empire, Siwa began its decline. In recent decades tourism has become a vital source of income.
Egypt is defined by the Nile. For many visitors, a multi-day cruise upon this famed waterway that saw the rise of the Pharaonic era is a highlight of their Egypt trip. Cruising the Nile is also the most relaxing way to see the temples that stud the banks of the river on the route between Luxor and Aswan, plus sunrise and sunset over the date-palm-studded river banks, backed by sand dunes, is one of Egypt’s most tranquil vistas.
Pyramids of Giza:
The three pyramids, which house the tombs of ancient pharaohs, are one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. Located on the Giza Plateau, the pyramids are the only Wonder to have remained intact over thousands of years. The Great Pyramid, also known as the Pyramid of Khufu, is 138 meters high and is open to tourists via the Robber’s Tunnel.
Falafel is traditionally served in Egyptian breakfast along with ful, eggs, cheese and pita bread. Traditional falafel is made with chickpeas, but Egyptians ta’meya are made of fava beans.
Fava beans should be soaked overnight to soften, then crushed in a food processor. They are then mixed with a fresh combination of chopped cilantro, parsley, white onion, garlic and leek, giving ta’meya its vibrant green colour.