Prominent Hindu Temples Abroad

-:Dr. Ravi Chaturvedi:-

Hindu Temples are found across the world, on every continent. In the Indian Subcontinent, thousands of modern and historic temples are spread across NepalSri LankaBangladesh and Pakistan. Outside the region, the oldest temples can be found in Cambodia, Nepal, ThailandMalaysia and Indonesia where ancient seafaring empires like the Chola Empire and Vijayanagara Empire spread their dominions. In the early modern period, MauritiusFiji, Trinidad & Tobago have seen many temples being built, as the Indian Diaspora settled across these areas over the past 250-300 years.

King Suryavarman II (12th century) of the Khmer Empire began work on a 500-acre temple in the capital city of Khmer (Cambodia) in reverence to the Hindu god Vishnu. It is the biggest Vishnu temple in the world. It is now a UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 

Prambanan Temple of Indonesia (ancient Java) is dedicated to the Hindu Trinity (Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva). It was built in 9th century by the Hindu Sanjaya Dynasty and one of the biggest Hindu temples in Southeast Asia.

Tanah Lot Temple, Bali, Indonesia

Tanah Lot Temple at Bali is one of seven sea temples around the Balinese coast. It was built by Danghyang Nirartha, also known as Pedanda Shakti Wawu Rauh, a Hindu traveler in 16th century. He was the founder of the Shaivite priesthood in Bali.

Sagar Shiv Mandir, Mauritius

Sagar Shiv Mandir is the most famous place of worship for Hindus in Mauritius, located on the island of Goyave de Chine. The temple construction was financed by the Ghunowa family in 2007. It is famous for a 108 feet height bronze coloured statue of Lord Shiva. The lagoons and mangroves add to mystic and majesty of the temple.

Dhakeshwari temple, Dhaka, Bangladesh

The Dhakeshwari temple was built by Ballal Sen in Dhaka by a king of the Sena dynasty in 10th century. It is National Temple of Bangladesh and one of the Shakti Peethas, dedicated to goddess Durga.

Shri Kali temple Yangon, Myanmar

Shri Kali Temple is a Hindu temple located in Yangon, Myanmar (then Burma). It was built by Tamil migrants in 1871 when Burma Province was part of British India. The temple is noted for its colorful architecture, especially its roof, which contains images and stone carvings of many Hindu gods. The temple is maintained by the local Indian community.

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Sri Siva Subramaniya Temple, Nadi, Fiji

Sri Siva Subramaniya Temple in Nadi is the largest Hindu Temple in Fiji. The temple is dedicated to the Hindu deity Murugan.(Kartikeya). It is also known as Tamil Kadavul (Lord of the Tamil people) and the primary deity of the Kaumaram sect of Hinduism and Tamil speaking people of India, Sri Lanka and Malaysia. It was rejuvenated in 1976.

Besakih Temple, Bali, Indonesia

Besakih Temple is a sanctum sanctorum in the village of Besakih on the slopes of Mount Agung in eastern Bali, Indonesia. It is the most important, the largest and holiest temple of Hindu religion in Bali, The temple is built on six levels, terraced up the slope. It has been used as a place of worship from 1284.

Erawan Temple, Bangkok, Thailand

Erawan Shrine in Bangkok, Thailand is dedicated to Lord Brahma. It is one of the most famous temples of Brahma in the world. It is said that Thai dance troupes are hired by worshippers for their prayers answered at the shrine.

Nallur Kandaswamy Temple, Sri Lanka

Nallur Kandaswamy Kovil is a Hindu temple in Sri Lanka. The presiding deity is Lord Murugan(.. The temple is one of the most significant Hindu temples in Sri Lanka.

Kailashnath Mahadev Temple, Nepal

Kailashnath Mahadev Statue is the one of the tallest Shiva temple. It is second tallest Hindu deity after Garuda Wisnu Kencana Statue in Bali, Indonesia. The statue is 143 feet (43.5 m) in height was made using copper, zinc, concrete, and steel.

Hinglaj Mata Temple, Balochistan, Pakistan

Hinglaj is an important Hindu pilgrimage place in Balochistan, Pakistan. It is one of the Shakti Peethas and most famous Hindu temple in Pakistan. The diety is Kuldevi of many Kshatriya, Charan and other Hindu Communities of India.

Pashupatinath Temple, Kathmandu, Nepal

The Pashupatinath Temple is a famous and sacred Hindu temple located on the banks of the Bagmati River, nearly 5 km north-east of Kathmandu. The temple serves as the seat of Pashupatinath. This temple complex was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites‘s list in 1979. The temple was built by Licchavi King Prachanda Dev in 753 AD.

 Kailashnath Mahadev Temple is located 20 km from Kathmandu on the border of the Bhaktapur. Kailashnath Mahadev Statue is the tallest statue of Lord Shiva in the world.

            Dattatreya Temple and Hanuman Statue, Trinidad & Tobago

Dattatreya Temple and Hanuman Statue at Carapichaima is the more famous Hindu site in Trinidad. 85 ft tall Hanuman Murti is the largest statue of Lord Hanuman outside India.

Batu Cave Temple

Batu Cave Temple and Lord Murugan Statue is one of the most popular Hindu shrines outside India. The temple is dedicated to Lord Murugan and home to tallest statue of Lord Murugan in the world. It was promoted as a place of worship by K. Thamboosamy Pillai, an Indian trader in 1890. It is an ornate Hindu shrine where visitors must climb a steep 272 steps.

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