‘Wonder Ship’ meets waterloo after hitting iceberg
Southampton’s name is etched in the English history as seat of Tudor dynasty and a medieval township. However, the present generation will add to its knowledge that the Titanic ship began its sojourn from Southampton to New York, en route it sank in the North Atlantic Ocean off the coast of the Canadian province of Newfoundland when it hit an iceberg at 2.20 a.m. on April 15, 1912. There were 2,207 passengers and crew on board and more than 1,500 found a grave in the sea.
Coming back to the cricket-action locked Southampton, it is a city in Hampshire, south-east of England, about 70 miles south-west of London. Southampton became an important port in medieval times, experiencing several hundred years of fluctuating fortunes until it was expanded by the Victorians. It is a major port which lies at the northernmost point of Southampton Water, at the confluence of the River Test and Itchen, with the River Hamble joining to the south. It has been an important regional centre for Centuries. Southampton was awarded city status by Queen Elizabeth II in 1964.
By the middle of the 11th century, ‘South’ had been added on to the existing name of Hamtun, forming now known Southampton. The spelling of this has changed over time with shifts in language. The Saxon settlement at Southampton was known either as Hamwic or Hamtun. The former was a trading centre, the latter applying to the settlement in its administrative function. The two names co-existed throughout the Anglo-Saxon period.
Southampton is remembered for its association with the Royal Mail Ship (RMS) Titanic, the Spitfire, as one of the departure points for D-Day, and as the home port of some of the largest cruise ships in the world. It has a large shopping centre and retail park Westquay.
The name Titanic is owed its origin from the Titans of Greek mythology. The cruise liner was built in Belfast, Ireland, in the United Kingdom and Ireland. The RMS Titanic was the second of the three Olympic-class ocean liners – the first was the RMS Olympic and the third was the HMHS Britannic. It was launched on May 31, 1911.