Kaziranga National Park is a well known national park of India situated in between two districts of Assam – Golaghat and Nagaon. The park is located on the banks of river Brahmaputra. It has been declared as a world heritage site by UNESCO. It covers an area of about 430 sq km.
History of Kaziranga National Park
In 1904, Lord Curzon (the Viceroy of India) with his wife Mary Curzon went for an excursion into the Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary in search of one-horned rhinos but didn’t find any as they were poached. Since then, Mary Curzon decided to take some measures for the conservation of rhinos. Therefore in June, 1905 she came up with the idea of extending the area up to 232 sq km and by converting Kaziranga into a forest reserve.
Now, the park is a home to two-thirds of one-horned rhinoceroses of the world. Kaziranga was declared as a Tiger reserve in the year 2006 as it had the highest density of tigers of all the protected areas in the world. The park also shelters huge breeding populations of elephants, swamp deer and wild water buffalo. It is also recognized as a prominent birdlife area by Birdlife International for conserving varied species of birdlife.
Flora at Kaziranga
The rich variety of flora in Kaziranga attracts millions of tourists every year from all over the world. The national park is surrounded by the floodplains of River Brahmaputra that helps in the nourishment of the major plants, animals and bird species of this region. It has been titled as a “Hotspot of Biodiversity” in India because of its rich diverse species and their omnipresence.
Fauna at Kaziranga
Kaziranga is known as the home to the world’s largest population of one-horned rhinoceros. It also shelters the highest density of tigers in the world and therefore it became a Tiger Reserve in the year 2006. Elephant, wild Asiatic water buffalo and swamp deer are found in abundance in the park. The tropical and dry deciduous forest of Kaziranga also shelters Gaur and Sambar. Kaziranga is recognized as a prominent Bird Area by Birdlife International for conserving of avifaunal species. Besides, the park is also a refuge to 42 species of reptile which includes the about to extinct species like Assam roofed turtle and gharial. The endangered Ganges Dolphins are sheltered in the floodplain of River Brahmaputra.
Safari of Kaziranga National Park
The National Park offers two exclusive safaris like Elephant Safari and Jeep Safari that gives extensive view of the wilderness of Kaziranga National Park. 1. Elephant Safari
Elephant Safari through the jungle of Kaziranga National Park will give you a better view of rhinos & other wildlife. The elephant safari is organized by the Forest Department twice in a day.
Jeep Safari Like any other tiger reserve or wildlife sanctuaries one can enjoy jeep safari in Kaziranga also. The forest department arranges two shift of jeep safari for its visitors. The jeep is allowed to carry 6 persons at a time.